|then 32a04f0eca||7 months ago|
|README.md||7 months ago|
Repo for Arduino + NRF24L based walkie talkie.
Now, Arduino can be hard to deal with, in short:
If you are able to compile and upload the Arduino > File > Examples > 01.Basics > Blink ‘sketch’ your are good. If not try again.
Walkie talkie uses external recources called ‘Libraries’, furthermore, this application uses slightly modified libraries in order to work at all. Before flashing the walkie talkie code you need to put these modified libraries in the right place:
Linux: put libraries in: ~/arduino/libraries
OSX: put libiraries in: ~/Documents/Arduino/libraries
R1 - 10k R2 - 47k R3 - 10K R4 - 10 Ohm R5 - 10 Ohm R6 - 10K R7 - 390 Ohm (or 330??) R8 - 100 Ohm
J-SPK J-VOX J-MIC
C0 - 470uF (on NRF + and - powerrails) C1 - 4.7uF C2 - 2.2uF C3 - 1000uF C4 - 2.2uF optional: 2x tantalum 1uF (C5 and C6 for 3.3 power regulator)
1x Vertical tactile switch 2x 3.5mm jack input 1x speaker 1x 2x1 header female 2.54pitch for removable MIC 1x 2x3 header female 2.54pitch 1x 2x4 header female 2.54pitch 1x 1x15 header female 2.54pitch 1x electret 1x red LED 1x blue/green/yellow LED 1x BC337 NPN transitor 1x 9v Battery Clip 1x LM386 opamp 1x IC socket 2x4 1x NRF24L01+ PA + LNA + Antenna 1x Arduino Nano
+pliers is also... handy! (+6cm of isolated solid core wire for speaker!)
(notice: colors of used components can vary from yours depending on using 4 or 5 band resistors for example or the weird short header pins used in this tutorials arduino mount.)
-Solder all the header pins to the arduino nano, all the long ends facing downwards -Mount all the resistors in the pcb (polarity/orientation doesnt matter). Refer to the BOM and PCB where each resistor should go. For example: R1 is a 10K Resistor and goes to R1 on the pcb outlined by white sildscreen text inside a white box
If you are unsire about the values of the resistors measure them with a multimeter or look up their colors online (beaware of the amount of bands) Bend the resistor legs 90 degrees and place them through the holes in the main board. On the back side bend the legs slightly so the resistors dont fall back out again. Be sure the resistors legs are all the way through and the resistor is hugging the board. Add solder to fix the resistors to the board Cut of the remaining lengths of leg off. Save atleast two of the snippets for later! -- solder the ic holder (half moon shape to the right so you know how the ic should be inserted).
-solder the electret mic, IMPRTANT: if you want to make use of line input you need to MAKE THE MIC REMOVABLE. using a 2 pin header for example. If you only plan on usingthe voice function youcan solder the mic directly to the board. Make sure the polarity is correct (ground or negative seemed to be indicated by a small golden marking on the backside. align that with the - (minus) silkscreen marking on the board).
-mount the transistor, the half moon shaped component, according to the silkscreen marking on the board. solder and cut of the excess legs. -mount, solder and clip the LEDS (remember: polarity! long leg is positive: anode = square solder pad on the board(this is not common consenus on square or round pads)). Keep the leg clippings, these are sturdier and longer than the resistor ones and thus extra useful later on. -mount the ptt talk button tactile switch to the front or back of the board (holes are on the small sides and can be a bit fiddly) -mount, solder and clip the electrolytic capaciors: these have polarity: the white band on the cap is the negative side and goes to the round hole (also indicated by - silkscreen). ALso look up the values in the BOM: e.g. C1 is 4.7uF. C0 needs to be soldered to the power rails of the NRF24L01+ PA + LNA (negative side to ground of the module, positive to the V+). Besure to not make any short circuit aka make sure C0 legs only touch their respecive pins and not the others (cut the capacitor legs to the right lenght before hand). Protip: mount the NRF24L01 on the mainboard (insert into 4x2 header you soldere previously) to ahve a steady base to work from. Take out the NRF24L01 . -Bend the legs of C3 a bit straight for a flush fit to the board. -solder the jack inputs (insert on front side, flip the board, solder). Again solder 1 leg first and then inspect if everything is aligned. -the speaker: fill the holes with solder (not to much, not to little) and insert two previously clipped off component legs (remember those snipped of legs you have been saving up?) and solder them to the board, it will get hot so be quick or use pliers. -bend the legs forward and solder them to the speaker (watch out, the back of the speaker is magnetic, it will snag onto your soldering iron!) -bend the speaker over. -optionally: solder the 9v battery clip to the + and - on the bottom right hand side of the board
-Insert NRF24L01 . insert Arduino.
-lastly, use two long sturdy ones to secure the NRF24L01 to the board. now screw on the antenna. Done!
-hook up a powerban to the arduino (or 9v batter to the battery clip). -blue led should light up when you receive
-earbuts line out headphone gets warm oops. »> needs low pass filter -LED holes are a bit small....ket tiny tiny leds. -ppt button holes are bit too fiddly .small -c3 holes are tight
1st one made: -shallow headers i have are bad, arduino doesnt make good contact -MIC SHOULD BE REMOVABLE! (so two jumpers for mic wtf..: theer is a bug in the JMIC and JVOX somehow...) -becuase of c4 lcd doesnt really fit (also because of c0)
NRF24L01+ PA+LNA -there are a plethora of NRF24L01+ PA+LNA modules on the market. Shielded, unshielded, clones, clones of clones etc. Most people had problems with power, requiring a dedicated 3.3v power supply and shielding (wrap your module in cling film and then tinfoil). My batch had a faulty antenna (more on that later) but other than that just needed the capacitor over the power rails and actually performed worse with a special 3.3v power supply (the option is there on the pcb if you are the unlucky one). -antenna: my antennas were bad. Too short, no good ground plane. I tried modifying the stock ones to some extend (the modules could now actually communicate), but the range was limited. I ended up grabbing some random antennas from propper wifi routers (I had some special sma converters lying around) and used those with much succes. The sma adaptors are not so cheap nor lightweight. It might be worth it to explore modifying the stock antennas more.